The most significant threats to the survival of the Addax are:
- Uncontrolled hunting
- Habitat loss for residential land and agriculture
- Habitat loss for oil exploration
- Natural factors such as droughts and desertification
The Addax, also known as the Screwhorn Antelope or the White Antelope, once ranged in great numbers all over the Sahara Desert in Africa. Today, estimates are as low as 3 individuals living wildly in remote regions in Niger, although there are an estimated 2,000 addaxes kept in private ranches and zoos across Europe and North America.
Excessive poaching in the last quarter of the 20th century has made the Addax the most endangered ungulate (hoofed mammal) in the world right now. As large areas of the desert soil are transformed into farming and residential land, their main habitat also diminishes in size. The rise of oil industry activities also threatens the survival of the last remaining wild antelopes.
These slow-moving herbivores live in nomadic herds and can thrive in very little water. Its most distinct feature is its long, twisted horns and splayed hooves that enable them to move without sinking across the ever-shifting desert sand.