Panthera tigris altaica
- Poaching due to high demand of body parts
- Habitat destruction due to human activities
- Death due to human-wildlife conflict
- Existence of tiger farms for captive breeding
There are between 350-450 Amur Tigers (previously known as Siberian Tigers) in the wild today, making the world’s largest tiger species critically endangered. They are used to be found all over Southeast Russia, near the Amur River as well as in northeastern China.
Poaching is the main reason for its dwindling population as illegal trade for its fur and other body parts is still a lucrative business both locally and in the international market. Moreover, its bones are also considered a vital ingredient for most Chinese medicine.
Then there is the excessive fragmentation of its forest habitats, usually cleared to make way for logging, road developments, and other human activities. This also makes Amur Tigers more exposed to poachers, killing these big cats for their fur and meat as well as other body parts used in various purposes.
As the Amur Tigers compete for space and source of food, they hunt domestic livestock in nearby human settlements which leads to an increase of attacks on both sides but putting the Amur Tigers at a clear disadvantage.
Population recovery is also difficult because there are still many tiger farms in Southeast Asia which are actively operating for the main purpose of selling Amur Tigers’ parts and products.