Apolo Cotinga

South America


Phibalura boliviana


Large-scale deforestation to convert the lands for crop planting and cattle ranching is the main threat to the population survival.

The Apolo Cotinga from the Cotingidae family is endemic to Bolivia. It was first discovered in 1902 and then categorised as a subspecies of the Swallow-Tailed Cotinga in 1930. No further information was recorded for almost 100 years until its reappearance at the start of the 21st century.

This Bolivian passerine bird species which prefers nesting sites in high-altitude cliffs is distinguished from the Swallow-Tailed Cotinga due to its different-coloured eyes, feet, and tarsi as well as its longer tail, more curved bill, and different vocalization sound. While the Swallow-Tailed Cotinga migrates every southern winter to lower-level environments, the Apolo Cotinga prefers to stay put because of its sedentary nature.