950

Bactrian Camel

Asia

950

Camelus ferus

Endangered

Habitat loss due to mining activities and industrial development
Competition with domestic livestock animals for food
Vulnerability to predators such as leopards and wolves
Hunted by humans for its meat, hide, and other body parts
Hybridization with Arabian (or Dromedary) Camels

The Bactrian Camel is an endemic ungulate to the rocky deserts of Central and East Asia. Unlike the Arabian (Dromedary) Camels which have a single hump, it is a two-humped species though the function remains the same: to store fat. This enables these herbivore mammals to survive for several days at a time without eating or drinking.

Even though the Bactrian Camels live in declared protected region, this does not stop the unlawful mining of valuable minerals which leads to drastic environmental changes to its natural habitat. This also puts them at risk of cyanide poisoning from toxic by-products of illegal industrial activities in the area.

With the remaining parts already degraded, they have to compete for water and food with domestic livestock animals and have to fend off attacks from wild animal predators. Their hide makes them an attractive target for sports hunter while locals would not hesitate to kill them for its meat and for its body parts used for traditional medicine.

Ever since humans have domesticated these animals, they are forced to be cross-bred with one-humped camels from nearby herds which dilute the Bactrian Camels’ genetic distinction even more.