Bahama Swallow

North America


Tachycineta cyaneoviridis


  • Habitat loss
  • Severe weather conditions

The Bahama Swallow is a Northern Bahamas endemic passerine bird that prefers to nest in old woodpecker holes and natural cavities of pine trees in the islands of Abaco, Andros, Grand Bahama, and New Providence. It is characterised as having green-coloured head and back, black wingtips and tail, blue upper wings, and white chin and belly. They can adapt to urban habitation but they need to be around fields and marshlands to forage for their main food choice, flying insects.

It was not until the early part of the 1970s that termination of pine logging in the northern part of the Bahamas was enforced into full effect but by this time, it has almost decimated the Bahama Swallow population. As the secondary forest approaches maturity, there are talks of new logging operations as well as infrastructure development within the surrounding areas. All of these can further eliminate the remaining 8 percent of suitable breeding habitat.

Population recovery has also been difficult for the past decades because of the frequency of storms, hurricanes, and severe weather conditions that visit the islands. This caused saltwater intrusion within the native range of the Bahama Swallow population.