- Conversion of habitat for agricultural or industrial purposes
- Pollution and limited food sources
The Black-Faced Spoonbill, a type of wading bird from the Threskiornithidae family where Ibises and other Spoonbills also belong to, can be found in eastern Asia. Its face is hairless and black, hence the name. Its beak has a distinct shape similar to a Chinese musical instrument ‘pi pa’.
Its breeding grounds are on small islands in Korea and China while its wintering grounds are in coastal areas in Hong Kong, Japan, Macau, the Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam. This migratory bird species can be found in large groups while foraging for food in lakes, mudflats, and marshes. Its main diet consists of fish, crustaceans, and aquatic insects.
Many of its natural habitats have already been destroyed to be converted into agricultural lands as well as for aquaculture and industrial activities within the surrounding areas. This makes it difficult for the Black-Faced Spoonbill to find suitable breeding sites, pollutes its wintering grounds, and limits its food sources.