Blue-eyed Ground-dove

South America


Columbina cyanopis


Government-approved development of agricultural lands (e.g. soybean and Eucalyptus plantations, exportable crops, and pastures) leads to the destruction of its Brazillian cerrado (tropical savannah) habitat.

The Blue-Eyed Ground Dove from the Columbidae bird family is an endemic species within Brazil’s wooded savanna region. It is characterized as having bright red and brown colors on most parts of its body although its wings have blue spots with distinct irises.

Little is known about its behavior and life cycle and it has not been spotted in the wilds since 1941. Considered as one of the rarest birds in the world, it is believed to have remaining 15 individuals or less.