1300

Blunt-nosed leopard lizard

North America

1300

Gambelia sila

Endangered

  • Habitat fragmentation and destruction

The Blunt-Nosed Leopard Lizard or Gambelia Sila belongs to the desert-dwelling collared lizard family of Crotaphytidae which can only be found in Southern California.

This agile predator feeds on insects, invertebrates, and other lizards including its own offspring. Males are larger than females with a highly varied dorsal colour pattern, much darker and more complex than other leopard lizards species.

As original natural communities are subjected to disturbance and alteration, it brought with it the swift decline of the Blunt-Nosed Leopard Lizard population. These include irrigated agriculture and the application of pesticides and herbicides to its surroundings as well as infrastructure development, petroleum and mineral extraction, and vehicle use. All of these make the habitat range of the Blunt-Nosed Leopard Lizard unsuitable for colonisation or directly killed lizard populations.