425

Eungella torrent frog

Australia

425

Taudactylus eungellensis

Endangered

  • Death from the disease chytridiomycosis caused by the chytrid fungus

The Eungella Torrent Frog is an Australian endemic frog species that inhabits the mountain rainforests of Queensland. Its body that only grows up to 35mm in length has different shades of brown and yellow colours with an X-shaped mark on its smooth back.

Breeding cycle occurs all year round and up to 50 eggs are laid by a single female. Males have distinct body movements during courtship: head bobbing, peculiar hopping style, and waving or flicking of legs – the only Myobatrachidae species to have this kind of characteristic.

Among all Australian endemic frog species, only the Eungella Torrent Frog has a recorded report of absence (in the 1980s) and reappearance (1990s).

There is no obvious evidence that would support the cause of its decline. Scientists believe that the reason for its high mortality rate is due to the fungal disease, Chytridiomycosis, which has also killed many amphibian species all over the world.