500

Golden Poison Frog

South America

500

Phyllobates terribilis

Endangered

The very restricted range where Golden Poison Frogs live are destroyed due to the following:

  • Logging
  • Gold mining
  • Illegal crop planting

The Golden Poison Frog, considered as the world’s largest and most poisonous frog can only be found in Colombia’s wild Pacific Coast. The toxin of a single two-inch frog, which amounts to 1,900 micrograms of poison, can kill 10 adult humans or up to 20,000 mice. The indigenous Emberá tribe people coat their blow-darts with its venom used for game hunting.

This deadly amphibian is characterised by a uniform bright yellow colour all over its body, although it can have variations of red green, orange, and blue depending on where it lives. As terrestrial vertebrates, they thrive in humid regions where there is an abundance of freshwater to support their young.

Continued deforestation of its natural rainforest habitats has made the Golden Poison Frog extremely vulnerable to extinction. Logging and gold mining as well as illegal crop planting and pollution from agricultural-related chemicals all contribute to its diminishing population.