Kangaroo Island Dunnart
Sminthopsis fuliginosus ssp. aitkeni
- Habitat destruction
- Limited food source
The Kangaroo Island Dunnart can only be found in Australia and is the only endemic mammal on the island bearing the same name, preferring to stay in mallee heath on laterite soils.
As dimorphic marsupial creatures, males tend to have a bigger size than females but both share the same dark sooty-grey colour on almost every part of their bodies, except for its underparts which is paler in hue.
Population decline of the Kangaroo Island Dunnart can be caused by loss of habitat as most of its natural range within the island have been converted for agricultural and grazing purposes. Though it does not have a special location preference, it does depend on food sources from local vegetation which have been extensively cleared to give way for man-made activities.
Wildfires are also common within its relatively dry surroundings, with the potentiality of wiping large numbers of its species in just one incident. This makes the Kangaroo Island Dunnart vulnerable to feral cats.