Giraffa camelopardalis antiquorum
- Natural habitat in the midst of a politically unstable region
- Body parts sold by poachers to be made into luxury goods and traditional medicine
- Illegal hunting for human consumption
- Death by vehicle strikes
- Limited food source due to conversion of wildlands to pastoral sites or competition with other grazing herbivores
Kordofan Giraffes mainly inhabit the savanna and woodland areas of African countries such as Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, and Sudan. The world’s largest ruminants and tallest herbivores, which are already on the IUCN Red List, have only between 1,400 and 2,000 remaining individuals in the wild.
These long-neck and long-legged treetop browsers require vast land regions to sustain its extraordinary appetite. Despite the rich biodiversity of its natural range, there are many factors that contribute to its dwindling population. These include the continued cutting of branches from high quality trees, competition for food with other giraffe species, and overgrazing of cattle by non-local herders.
Human encroachment on its limited grazing area makes them vulnerable to vehicle-related accidents as well as to poachers who sell its body parts for human consumption or used for luxury goods and traditional medicine. The politically unstable region where the Kordofan Giraffes live is also not helping in establishing strict laws against illegal hunting and killing.