Panthera tigris jacksoni
The existence of Malayan Tigers are seriously threatened by the following:
- Habitat loss due to logging operations, agricultural activities, and road development
- Illegal wildlife trade due to high demand of body parts used for traditional medicine, trophies, and food
- Human-tiger conflict as tigers are blamed for livestock loss
Malayan Tigers, which can only be found on the Malay Peninsula, are now considered to be critically endangered species with less than 200 (as of March 2019 report) remaining individuals left in the wild.
Before 2004, it was classified as a subspecies of the Indochinese Tiger family until the tiger conservationist Peter Jackson proved otherwise; hence, the Latin name Panthera Tigris Jacksoni to honour him.
Malayan tigers are declining in population because of continued destruction of its natural habitat. Forests are being converted into agricultural lands or commercial plantations while road construction and logging activities in its surrounding areas also contribute to its dwindling numbers.
Moreover, tiger meat is still much in demand for wealthy buyers – even considered as a status symbol while its various body parts are highly sought out as ingredients for traditional medicine.
Because of the threat that Malayan Tigers pose to livestock animals, farmers do not hesitate in killing them on sight which only worsens the poaching issue.