The disappearance of these permanent rivers has contributed to its decline, and perhaps extinction, and the damming of the Nexaca River for hydroelectric power, in particular, is believed to have affected this species.
The Puebla frog or Pueblan pool frog, Lithobates pueblae, is a species of frog in the family Ranidae endemic to Necaxa River near Huauchinango, Puebla state, Mexico, where it is known as rana poblana. It was thought to probably be extinct until 2010 when Dr. Georg Hantke from the National Museum of Scotland re-discovered it.
Natural habitats of Puebla frog are pine and pine-oak forests near permanent river systems, its breeding habitat. It is threatened by loss of its river habitat, damming of Necaxa River being an important contributor.