135

Purple Frog

Asia

135

Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis

Endangered

  • Its preference for a very specific breeding site makes it vulnerable to habitat loss
  • Drought caused by climate change can hinder its capability to burrow and feed
  • Humans consume tadpoles and adult frogs

The Purple Frog(or pig-nosed frog), an endemic frog species to India’s Western Ghats, was first discovered in October 2003 by S.D. Biju and Franky Bossuyt. Its English name, Bhupathy’s Purple Frog, is a tribute to the noted scientist and field herpetologist Dr. S. Bhupathy.

This burrow-dwelling frog species, acknowledged by bio-geographers as a ‘once in a century find’, has a slimy, lumpy, bloated body with a purplish hue and a unique pointed nose. It remains underground most of the year except to participate in the mating season during the monsoon.

The main threats to the population of this odd-looking amphibian include humans who consider them as sustenance (both tadpoles and adult frogs) as well as habitat loss due to deforestation, drought, and lack of rainfall which makes it difficult for them to burrow and breed.