Pygmy Elephant of Borneo
Elephas maximus borneensis
The main threat to the existence of the Pygmy Elephant of Borneo is destruction of its habitat to be converted into human settlements, agricultural plantations, and man-made infrastructures. This leads to a decrease in their food option and an increase in human-elephant conflicts.
The Pygmy Elephant of Borneo, considered as the world’s smallest elephant subspecies, lives in the forests of Indonesia, Malaysia, and north-eastern Borneo.
Loss of habitat is what contributes to the rapid dwindling of its population. Forests are cleared to make way for human settlements, agricultural plantations, and man-made infrastructures – limiting its grazing area, depleting its food sources, and disrupting its traditional migration habits. They are also at risk of being killed by humans when forced to feed on nearby villages’ crops.
The remaining population are also prone to inbreeding which weakens the gene pool, resulting in vulnerability to fatal diseases or shorter lifespan.