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Spoon-billed Sandpiper

Asia

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Calidris pygmaea

Endangered

  • Habitat loss
  • Poor productivity
  • Heavy nest predation
  • Over hunting

The Spoon-Billed Sandpiper is a shorebird species with a strong migratory characteristic, having its breeding and wintering sites in Russia and Southeast Asia, respectively.

Classified as a calidrid sandpiper wader, its spatulate bill is considered as its most distinct feature. For communication, it lets out a low preeping sound or a sharp wheering noise. While eating, it moves its bill on a side to side manner with its head down.

Reclamation of the tidal flats in the Yellow Sea is the top threat to the survival of the Spoon-Billed Sandpiper. As an important migratory and wintering range, wetlands play a major role in encouraging regular reproductive habits as well as raising young birds without disturbance. Continued degradation of its native habitat puts the Spoon-Billed Sandpiper existence in danger as it becomes trapped within its nest or unable to get sustenance. It also increases the chances of its nest being ransacked by predators or the adults being killed by hunters.