Spotted Greenshank



Tringa guttifer


  • Habitat alteration due to infrastructure development, aquaculture, and industrial activities
  • Competition with grazing animals
  • Pollution and disturbances by human activities
  • Uncontrolled hunting

The Spotted Greenshank or Nordmann’s Greenshank is a migratory type of bird that can be found along shorelines, mudflats, wetlands, and coastal areas throughout Asia in Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

Referred as shorebird in North America, it is classified as a wader due to its long legs used for foraging in water environments. Its long wings give it endurance in long flights during migrating season. Its nerve-sensitive bills are designed to detect hidden preys which include insects, crustaceans, and small invertebrates.

The key threat to its survival is habitat degradation. Most of its native ranges are used for aquaculture, infrastructure development, and industrial activities. Its breeding sites are affected by grazing animals as well as extensive reclamation for the oil industry. Pollution, uncontrolled hunting, and other human disturbances also contribute to the rapid decline of its population.