Stresemann’s Bristlefront

South America


Merulaxis stresemanni


Clearing and conversion of its forest habitat has to make way for cacao plantations and cattle ranching.

The Stresemann’s Bristlefront is an endemic species found in Brazil. This medium-sized, long-tailed bird that belongs to the Rhinocryptidae family can be found in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

As its name suggests, its most remarkable feature is its forehead that contains long, pointed bristles. The male has an overall slaty-plumbeous colour although its rump, vent, and upper tail coverts have a dark rufous-chestnut hue. The upper body and lower body of the female, on the other hand, have bright cinnamon-rufous and cinnamon-brown colours, respectively, and a dusky-hued tail.

The Stresemann’s Bristlefront is threatened into extinction, with only less than fifteen individuals living in the Atlantic forest reserve of Mata do Passarinho (Songbird Forest in Portuguese).