Panthera tigris sumatrae
- Illegal poaching due to high demand of tiger products
- Habitat fragmentation due to forest conversion for tree-crop plantation
- Commercial logging which leads to forest fires
- Human-tiger conflict due to proximity of tiger habitat to human settlements
Sumatran Tigers, natives to Indonesian island off the Malaysian Peninsula, are down to its last 450 population – 150 individuals on the Sumatra Island while the remaining 300 in various areas in Australia, Europe, and the Java Island.
The smallest of the world’s only six subspecies of tiger is critically endangered due to the continued destruction of its forests habitats to give way to plantations (acacia, coffee, and palm oil). Excessive logging also limits the area where these big cats can roam around safely. It also increases the risk of forest fires.
Unregulated hunting also threatens its existence as its skin and bones are considered as prized commodities in the overseas black market while its other body parts are still used for traditional medicine.
And because of the continued encroachment of human settlements and agricultural lands in its natural range, there is also a surge of human-tiger conflicts – resulting in death of livestock animals, people, and Sumatran Tigers as well.