1800

Sun Parakeet

South America

1800

Aratinga solstitialis

Endangered

For decades past, the high demand among pet traders makes this species highly vulnerable for overhunting. Massive deforestation brings habitat loss and increased vulnerability to predation and poaching.

The Sun Parakeet, known as Sun Conure in aviculture, is a vibrant-coloured parakeet that is restricted to the small ranges within the tropical regions of Brazil, Guyana, and Venezuela. The term ‘conure’ was given by Joseph Forshaw, a prominent Australian ornithologist, to long-tailed New World parrot species.

This South American bird whose scientific name means ‘of the summer solstice’ in Latin belongs to the Aratinga genus although it has been originally assigned by Swedish naturalist Linnaeus in his 18th century book Systema Naturae to be in the Psittacus genus.

It is characterised with golden yellow plumage, blue-tipped olive-green tail, and a big, black beak with weight and length of 110 g and 30 cm, respectively during adulthood.

All throughout the day, it emits its trademark ear-piercing scream although it is more frequently heard during sunrise and sunset. This loud contact call is used for locating each other while foraging for food.