- Illegal wildlife trade
- Habitat destruction to make way for power plants, dams, and modern infrastructures
- Human-Orangutan conflict
A very recent addition to the great ape species, the Tapanuli Orangutan was only discovered in 2017. With only 800 in population living in Indonesia’s Sumatra Island, it is classified as a critically endangered primate.
These arboreal creatures live on a diet of conifer cones, caterpillars, and any pulpy fruit of the lowland forests of South Tapanuli. Scientists note that they spend almost all of their time on trees to avoid crossing paths with Sumatran Tigers in the area.
The most recent plans to build a dam and a power plant in the middle of Sumatra are the greatest threat to the survival of the Tapanuli Orangutan species. Aside from this, land clearing is still ongoing to give way to palm oil plantations which also makes these creatures more vulnerable to poaching and direct human attacks.