World heritage body Unesco has removed the Belize Barrier Reef from its list of endangered World Heritage Sites after nine years. The reef is the second largest in the world after Australia's Great Barrier Reef. It is home to many threatened species including marine turtles, manatees and the American marine crocodile.
Unesco added the reef to its list of world heritage sites in 1996 but said it was in danger in 2009 following plans by the Belize government to allow oil exploration in nearby waters. Environmentalists organised an informal referendum in 2012 in which 96% of those who took part voted against offshore oil activity. In December 2017, lawmakers passed a landmark moratorium on oil exploration in Belizean waters, which makes it one of only a handful of countries in the world with such legislation.