Tanzania’s wildlife resources include the last intact fully functioning savanna wilderness ecosystem in Africa, the Serengeti. It also has the world’s largest terrestrial mammal migration – the Serengeti wildebeest migration. It is also home to the world’s highest densities of predators in Ngorongoro and elephants in Tarangire. These resources are under threat Wildlife populations have suffered from poaching while there have also been clashes between wildlife and people involved in other economic activities like farming and mining.
Tanzania efforts are on the way to conserve what’s left. The most important part of the approach is that user rights are transferred from central government to local communities. The model is being increasingly promoted as a conservation tool and has become the dominant approach in natural resource conservation worldwide.
The increases in wildlife densities was accompanied by lower densities of cattle. More wildlife and fewer livestock meets the definition of ecological success. Hopefully these results will encourage more community-based conservation efforts. Most programmed like this simultaneously promote conservation and human development.